Wednesday, June 11, 2014

A Testing Test

Heading for a good university? Or a re-education labor camp?

To those US-bound students (and their concerned families) who just took the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) last weekend: congratulations, but think that was tough? If so, just be glad that you don’t have to sit the Gaokao – China’s equivalent of the college entrance exam. Reports are that the SAT is a cakewalk in comparison. First of all, the pressure to do well is far more intense – the two days of the Gaokao can make or break a young person’s entire future, and Chinese teens don't have the do-over opportunities that are available to SAT-takers should they happened to have been feeling ill that day or simply caved into nerves. Secondly, the Gaokao math section is reputedly much more intense; it makes the US test seem like a color-by-numbers exercise by comparison.
Another Gaokao feature that routinely furrows brows is the essay questions. The SAT essay prompts tend to be relatively straightforward and often deal with personal growth and morality. Examples:
·         There is no success like failure. Comment.
·         Should you tell a friend the truth or avoid hurting their feelings?
·         Is it better to live for the present or prepare for the future?
·         Does character determine success in one’s life?
·         Is reality TV beneficial or harmful?
The Gaokao essay prompts are hardly so straightforward. Some of them read like they were written by a Zen Buddhist monk crossed with an aging hippie on dope. If you think that Asian tests are only about rote learning and rigid guidelines, think again. The Chinese essays require sharp interpretive skills and the ability to think laterally. Courtesy of the website at the link below, a sample of the mind-bending essay prompts that were included in this past weekend’s Gaokao follows (Note: these are real questions posed to students in different regions of China):
Beijing: The “old rules” prescribed by parents demand respect for elders, speaking in a quiet and gentle voice, and sitting or standing straight up. Recently, netizens have gone online to discuss these traditions. What is your understanding of this issue?
Shanghai: “The world belongs to you only after you stand up.” Discuss.
Jiangsu Province: Some say that only youth is immortal, that young people do not believe they will die some day. Is this naive? Are there things such as this in nature that are eternal?
Fujian Province: With the word “valley”, some people think “cliff”. Others think of the old road built along the cliff. What about you?
Anhui Province: “The authors say that the actors are allowed to change the screenplay, but the directors say that they are not.” Discuss.
Hunan Province: There was once a very poor place. Many left it. Others stayed, and over a few years, turned it into a beautiful village. Discuss.
Guangdong Province: Old black and white photos are few and far between. Because they are rare, they are precious. These days, digital technology has seriously diluted the value of photographic images. Thoughts?
Liaoning Province: Grandfather and grandson are standing on a hill. Grandson loves the neon lights of the city, how colorful everything appears. Grandfather hates the neon because it washes out the more beautiful stars in the sky. Discuss.
Every year, China observers try to discern if there are common themes imbedded in the Gaokao’s questions. This year’s bring two alternatives to mind for this blogger. First, the questions seem to grapple with the effects of a rapidly changing society on its individuals – how does one reconcile the old with the new? How should a person relate to a constantly evolving environment? An alternative and more ominous motivation for the Gaokao administrators to pose these questions recalls the Hundred Flowers Campaign in the mid 1950s, when government officials invited multiplicities of views to bloom amongst the intellectuals, just so the leadership could subsequently brutally stamp out the undesirable weeds. Let's hope that we don't need to be so cynical. Life is stressful enough for the millions of teenagers who toil away in hopes of securing a better future for themselves and their families to have to worry that they may be headed for re-education rather than college.  


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